División de la cosa común y condena en costas

division common cosa

La Audiencia Provincial de Alicante ha ratificado la condena en costas impuesta en primera instancia contra una comunidad ordinaria de propietarios como consecuencia de su continua conducta dilatoria y obstructiva frente a los copropietarios que pretendían la división de la cosa.

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El fallo en cuestión ha sido emitido por Audiencia Provincial de Alicante en su sentencia Nº 229/2016, of 27/09/2016. The factual background were the following:

D. Braulio, Ms.. Antonia, D. Armando and Mrs.. Incarnation formed a community of ordinary owners (not constituted as horizontal property) on the ground and first floors of a building. For unknown circumstances, D. Braulio and Dña. Antonia filed suit against D. Armando and Mrs.. Encarnación solicitando la división judicial de la cosa común, for it to be divided into lots to be awarded by lottery, as well as the obligation of every commoner to cover the works necessary for the effective division according to participation of each in the Owners be declared. The defendants made counterclaim seeking a declaration that the villagers had to support the execution of certain works for the effective division of the common good.

The lawsuit filed by D. Braulio and Dña. Antonia was fully estimated by the Court of First Instance No. 05 Denia, in its judgment dated 30/06/2015.

Against that judgment, D. Armando interpuso recurso de apelación solicitando que se declarara la nulidad del procedimiento por falta de notificación del procedimiento a la Comunidad de Propietarios; and secondarily, default of the transfer of an internal appeal made by the other party. Also, D. Armando also requested that the statement of costs which condemned him to pay them is revoked.

Regarding the requested declaration of invalidity, the Provincial Court does not appreciate or by one or other reason. For both Denials, motivation is similar:

En lo que se refiere a la falta de notificación del emplazamiento realizado a la Comunidad de Propietarios, el tribunal entiende que no hay nulidad porque la Comunidad Propietarios estaba compuesta en su totalidad por las personas físicas que participaron como partes demandante y demandada en el procedimiento, they did have knowledge of the site effected, so it should be understood that the Owners, en tanto que no estaba constituida formalmente como comunidad de propiedad horizontal, but it functioned as ordinary community, also he was aware that it had been planted in the proceedings.

En cuanto a la falta de traslado del recurso de reposición, the court understands that there is invalid because, while effectively processing the transfer was omitted, the appellant subsequently made allegations regarding the subject of such proceedings replacement, so that la parte recurrente en todo momento tuvo conocimiento de la existencia del recurso de reposición, and even he made claims about.

Last, sobre la solicitud de revocación del pronunciamiento de costas, the Provincial Court maintains the sentence declared in the first instance the appellant now because, on the one hand, He maintained a completely dilatory conduct of the procedure and, otherwise, his counterclaim was dismissed entirely.

Therefore, the Provincial Court desestimó el recurso de apelación íntegramente, He confirmed the ruling of first instance declared the division of the common thing and condemned to pay the defendant, and conviction also to pay the costs of the second instance.

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