El concurso fortuito impide la responsabilidad del administrador

responsabilidad del administrador

The declaration of a contest as fortuitous is incompatible with the individual action of responsibility Administrator,,es,so you sentence him to pay the debt of more than three million euros,,es,Eurovalls insolvency that had originated its tender had been caused by,,es,appeal to the Provincial Court of Barcelona,,es,negligence,,es,fortuitous concourse,,es.


En el marco de una demanda de responsabilidad individual de los administradores planteada por un acreedor impagado, el Tribunal Supremo ha concluido que aquellos no deben responsabilizarse del incumplimiento de su sociedad cuando no concurren circunstancias excepcionales que evidencien un comportamiento fraudulento.

Así se establece en la Sentencia de la Sala Primera del Tribunal Supremo N.º 150/2017, dictada el 02 de marzo de2017. The factual background were the following:

The 05 December 2003, Senoicca S.L. Eurovalls and Construction Materials S.L.. (onwards, Eurovalls) They held the lease on three industrial buildings owned by the first. During the contract period, between accrued rent are unpaid, damage to facilities and other concepts, Eurovalls owed Senoicca S.L.. more than three million euros.

Next, the 14 November 2007, Eurovalls fue declarada en bankruptcy, que fue calificado por el tribunal como fortuito. During the bankruptcy proceedings, Senoicca S.L. filed an interlocutory application for termination of the lease, which it was estimated, resolviéndose el contrato previa transacción entre las partes. La deuda de más de tres millones de euros de Eurovalls quedó impagada.

Given the situation of insolvency of the debtor company Eurovalls, Senoicca S.L. formuló demanda en ejercicio de la acción individual del administrador de Eurovalls, para que se le condenara a pagarle la deuda de más de tres millones de euros. In his view, la insolvencia de Eurovalls que había originado su concurso había sido causada por la actuación negligente de su administrador.

Esa demanda fue estimada por el Juzgado de lo mercantil N.º 06 Barcelona, in Case 87/2012, of 06 March.

Contra ella, el administrador de Eurovalls interpuso recurso de apelación ante la Audiencia Provincial de Barcelona, que fue estimado in its judgment 99/2014, of 26 March.

Senoicca S.L. appealed, que ha sido resuelto por el Alto Tribunal.

The reasoning of the Supreme Court should the following elements:

First, recalls that la acción individual de responsabilidad de los administradores exige, to prosper, the following requirements:

i) An active or passive behavior of administrators;

ii) That such behavior is attributable to the board as such;

iii) Que la conducta del administrador sea antijurídica por infringir la ley, statutes or not fit the standard or pattern required of an orderly businessman diligence and a loyal representative;

iv) The conduct unlawful, culpably negligent, is capable of producing damage;

in) El daño que se infiere sea directo al tercero que contrata, without harming the interests of society;

(we) The causal link between the unlawful conduct of the administrator and the direct damage caused to third.

And, en segundo lugar, says para que la imposibilidad del cobro del crédito suponga un daño directo imputable a los administradores sociales es necesario que concurran circunstancias excepcionales, as the company has run out of goods and indeed disappeared, despite which administrators, in her name, continue contracting credits; or that a conclusion of economic services for very high amount occurs just before the demise of the company; or what, simply, takes place de facto disappearance of society with equity emptying fraudulent.

Well, el Tribunal Supremo concluye que en este supuesto en concreto no se dan ninguna de esas circunstancias excepcionales, fundamentalmente porque el concurso de la sociedad deudora fue declarado fortuito, which excludes consider any fraudulent or negligent activity emptying asset manager. And aun cuando fuese apreciada negligencia en el administrador, indicates the Supreme Court, in this case it would not generate direct damage to the creditor, but its direct consequence would be the insolvency of the company, so that dissatisfaction credit creditor would only be an indirect consequence, insufficient to generate direct responsibility of the administrator. Thus, dismisses the appeal;, y confirma la sentencia de la Audiencia Provincial de Barcelona que absolvía al administrador demandado.

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