It can require prudence media?

derecho a la intimidad

 

Against the general interest of information, the media must act with prudence required of a diligent professional.


This is the criterion Supreme Court in its judgment of 10 November 2016 en la que se declara vulnerado el derecho a la intimidad y propia imagen de una víctima de violencia de género por revelarse datos de su vida privada sin su consentimiento.

El informativo reveló su nombre de pila y localidad de residencia al mismo tiempo que retransmitía imágenes de su persona y otros detalles como el modo en que ocurrió el delito y cómo se conocieron, They are allowing full identification.

A television news media published on the news of the 14:30 hours 20:30 hours of the day 16/07/2009 a story concerning a case of domestic violence in indicating the place of residence (less than 10.000 population) the victim, his name, how victim and aggressor met and the circumstances in which the attack occurred, all simultaneously with the issuance of a captured in the courtroom of the trial of said cause of gender violence in the face of the applicant is in the foreground during its entry into the hall way video and also during his statement.

The victim of the crime of domestic violence filed lawsuit 24/01/2012 contra dicho medio informativo solicitando que se declarara que la publicación de esas noticias había supuesto una intromisión ilegítima en el derecho al honor, to privacy and to the own image The applicant, y que se condenara al medio informativo a indemnizarle en 100.000 € for moral damage and to remove from its website content relating to image and personal data of the applicant.

The Court of First Instance No. 10 Murcia demand met and dismissed entirely by Sentence 15/04/2013. This ruling was appealed by the applicant, cuyo recurso fue parcialmente estimado por la Audiencia Provincial de Murcia en su Sentencia de 02/10/2014, exclusively with regard to the application for an order the defendant to remove the contents of its website.

In relation to the other two claims, both the trial court and the appellate court concluded that the news of the defendant did not infringe the right to honor, privacy and image of the applicant, for the following reasons:

1. Porque los datos de la noticia y de la imagen del demandante se habían obtenido en la vista del juicio oral, it was public, as are all judicial proceedings generally (without a general prohibition of access it can be understood compatible with freedom of information).

2. Porque la demandante en ningún momento había solicitado que se aplicaran medidas restrictivas de la publicidad inmediata para los asistentes a la vista, or holding the closed hearing, or the taking of any intermediate step between the public hearing and the hearing in camera that could exclude the entry of technical means of collection or dissemination of information.

3. Porque en la información de la noticia concurría interés general, no longer in accordance with the case law which recognizes implicitly that interest, but also by the nature and circumstances of the offense.

And the embroidery, la demandante interpuso recurso de casación contra la sentencia de segunda instancia, basing it on the breach by misapplication of Article 18.1 of the Constitution (I did not keep, therefore, infringement of the right to honor) in connection with articles 20.1 and 120.1 of the Spanish Constitution.

He understands the applicant in its appeal, ultimately, that, without denying that the facts may be news of public interest, the coverage given by the media had been inadequate and had violated their right to privacy and image, because they had provided personal data (First name, town and face in the foreground) that, although considered independently had no efficacy identifying any, to be dumped together did allow the identification of the applicant, which gave a social projection his person or was necessary to issue the news, neither the applicant, as a victim and had not consented to such disclosure, He had a duty to support (tracking the position of the STC 127/2003).

El Tribunal Supremo resuelve estimando íntegramente el recurso de casación apreciando el razonamiento de la demandante. understands that, although the facts were and had general interest news (in accordance with the case law contained in the STSS 547/2011, of 20/07/2011,128/2011, of 01/03/011), el medio informativo debería haber actuado con la prudencia exigible a un profesional diligente para evitar la emisión de imágenes de la demandante en primer plano, because with such issuance data name and place of residence of the applicant, which alone were not sufficient to identify, sí permitían atribuir a la demandante y vincularla a las circunstancias de cómo se conocieron la víctima y su agresor y el modo en que transcurrió la agresión, the latter circumstances that are reserved data pertaining to the private life of the applicant, I had not consented to make them public, and that since the issuance of the news, any local person would know. It is this combination of data of the applicant (name and location, on the one hand, and images in the foreground, por otro) which it is important enough to, in relation to the circumstances revealed about how he met his assailant and there was aggression, la que tiene relevancia suficiente como para constituir una intromisión en el derecho a la propia imagen e intimidad personal y familiar de la demandante.

Por lo anterior, the Supreme Court decides condemn the news media to pay the applicant compensation 25.000 €, por el daño moral sufrido con ocasión de la revelación de datos de su vida privada sin su consentimiento.

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